URBAN TYPOLOGY IN THE HABSBURG EMPIRE, 1867 – 1918, WITH A SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON HUNGARIAN TOWNS

Éva Lovra

The urban transformation in the territory of historic Hungary reached the (first) great culmination in the era of Austria-Hungary (1867 – 1918), thus representing a new direction for urban development. As a result, investigation and classification of urban taxonomy that focuses on the territory of historic Hungary as a whole between 1867 and 1918, makes it possible to undertake a uniform evaluation and demonstration of urban development. The aim of creating a taxonomic designation for Austro-Hungarian towns (16 basic types, 9 final types) and urban tissues (10 main types and their subtypes) is intended to describe and evaluate the town building activity of the era, since it has yet to be fully recognised and given appropriate investigation.