THE RESIDENTIAL AREA OF CHEREMUSHKY AS AN EXAMPLE OF THE  IMPLEMENTATION OF KHRUSHCHEV’S HOUSING REFORM IN UKRAINE


Mark Meerovich, Nadia Antonenko, Ljudmila Ščavinskaja


The article shows the aims and the specific features of Khrushchev’s housing reform, based on the history of design of the residential area of Cheryomushky (Odesa).  The reform introduced a number of significant changes in the system of mass housing construction, which brought about a major transformation of the construction industry. Also described here is the transformation of the typology of housing stock - from buildings of frame-panel structure to large-panel 5-storey residential buildings with small apartments for one family (“khrushchevka”). The specific features of the town planning of the Khrushchev era extensively predetermined the problems of urban development in post-Soviet Ukraine, which must be solved today.