The core of the theoretical reflection is the modern large housing estate as a spatial unit, its subdivision, and center. The comparative study presents Budapest’s 15 large housing estates (with more than 6000 dwellings) realized during the two 15-year mass housing programs between 1960 and 1990. That time, most of the urban land was publicly owned, planned and developed. Although, the city officially was divided into 22 districts and informally it had inherited quarters with various characteristics. How did these large housing estates re-shape the territory of the city? What was the relationship between them and the surrounding quarters? How their centers were (un)planned? What was the relationship between the new modern and the old centers? The research proposes a classification that could be used for a better understanding of actual spatial, functional and development challenges related to modern large housing estates.
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