Source: József Ásós

Emigration of Architects and the Foundations of Modernism Hungarian Architecture Students Entering the Profession Abroad After the 1950s

The present study intends, on the one hand, to add to the topic of artistic and architectural emigration provided with relevant literature; on the other, it wishes to draw attention to the importance of the educational and cultural background in the lives of emigrants. For this purpose, this study uses, out of the history of Hungarian emigration, the wave of refugees after the defeat of the 1956 Revolution, when about 200,000 Hungarians left the country, including many artists and architects. The paper examines, inter alia, how significant the change was for the architects and architecture students leaving the Eastern Bloc state of Hungary upon entering an environment completely different in its politics, economy and culture. With this in mind, how did they manage to integrate into the architectonic profession of their new homes relatively easily? What could help them, and what role was played by the Budapest Technical University.

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