Housing represented a field of interest that gradually acquired wider significance within the framework of social policy in the interwar Czechoslovak Republic. While until the creation of the independent state in 1918, discussions on social housing focused primarily on the working class, the rise of a new middle class in the interwar years created the need to secure accessible housing for this social group as well. One of the most valuable projects of this type of cooperative housing in Bratislava is Avion, the work of architect Josef Marek (1889-1965) from 1932. Using this building as an example, we illustrate the principles of founding similar cooperatives as well as their organisation and operations across time, through which various historical and political circumstances during World War II and afterward shaped and altered the original idea of cooperative housing.
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