Microbial Ecologies Exploring Industrial Hemp Behaviour under Artificial Climates (Growing Apparatus)

Microbial Ecologies (ME) is proposing a speculative scenario in which is able to explore new robotic fabrication processes as a framework for investigating the generation of bio-artificial systems. These systems allow us to regenerate polluted and eroded terrains, protect the soil from farther erosion and encourage healthy plant growth using interconnected 3D fibre systems.

Material Moods: Material and Algorithms

The introduction of emergence theory in architecture nearly 10 years ago rapidly changed the field of digital architecture towards process-oriented design. The functioning process of algorithms shifts the designer’s approach to the field away from the modeling (copying) of forms toward their generating. As designers no longer fully control the final shape, the computer and […]

The Smooth Striped City

The main aim of urban design should be to provide as elastic a plan as possible. This plan should define private and public space and allow its users the maximum possibilities and freedom to build. We seek such tools and methods that would be elementary but also sophisticated, which using only a few rules could […]

From Architecture and Construction to the Planning of Autonomous Processes, Systems and Structures

Studio FLO│W at the Faculty of Architecture of the Czech Technical University in Prague holds the belief that a digitally-driven architecture should be flexible, interactive and adaptable. The digital revolution, together with the development of new advanced materials, has principally changed the way of planning, directing, controlling and building constructions. Through the creative engagement of […]

The Project “Learning by Doing” at FA CTU

Can you learn architecture without direct experience? In recent years, attention has been paid to the idea of “design-build” projects at schools of architecture, the methodology of which makes it possible to bring students to the reality of architectural practice differently than the simply mediated. Students have the opportunity to create a proposal for a […]

Behind the Glitch: Research by Digital Drawing in Contemporary Architecture Education

This work examines the epistemological and creative potential of analytical drawing in architecture, reinvented in the age of computation. The immediate object of survey involvesthe drawings produced within different type of courses at the University of Belgrade’s Faculty of Architecture: an introductory theoretical course for Bachelor’s studies, a design teaching studio at the Master’s degree […]

Wall Curtain On the Idea of Soft within the Digital and Fabrication Realms

The project Wall Curtain tests the properties of the soft in the real and computational worlds. Both territories influence and teach each other. The textile techniques are virtually simulated in order to create an object: a new, complex and well-informed soft layer of an interior. This enclosure fills the imaginary gap in between our bodies […]

Aspects and Appearances of Mathematisation in Architecture from the Standpoint of Christopher Alexander’s Theory

This text forms a response to the crucial changes occurring in the architecture design process during the 1990ties and the post-millennial era. This radical transition, shifting from the analogue design principle to the digital processes through new technological possibilities, is changing the key conceptual apparatus of the architecture of 21st century. Searching for answers to […]

Interactive Buildings: The Case for Interaction Narratives

In this position paper, we present the results of ongoing theoretical investigation into the phenomenon of “interactive architecture.” Interaction in architecture deals with the meaningful exchange of information and physical acts between building and person. Beyond responsive systems like automated doors, shading systems, and so on, most examples of interactive architecture are technological explorations that […]

New Argumentation for the Digital Paradigm

It has again become necessary to argue for the conceptual novelty and potential of digital design to emerge a relevant moment in the history of architecture. We are conducting research into design and fabrication tools with a generative capacity – i.e., the possibility to create during the manufacturing process. A multitude of agents enters the […]


The development of information technologies and the digitalisation of architectonic tools has radically changed both architectural practice and architectural research. Currently, it is difficult even to cite an area of human activity where computer technology lacks a significant role, and architectural design is hardly an exception. Computers shape all stages of architectural creation, from design […]

Did a Steindl School Exist ? The Members of the Design and Technical Management Team of the Parliament in Budapest

The architects’ office (involving architects, draftsmen, planners, foremen) of the Parliament in Budapest, led by Imre Steindl, existed between 1885 and 1902. In the first part of our essay, our aim is to publish further information based on the historical findings of the research performed regarding the office’s members, the circumstances of their joining and […]

The Buildings Built For Public Use by “The KKK Group” In Croatia: Architecture, Structure and Conservation

Architects Jovan Korka, Đorđe Krekić and Georg Kiverov founded the KKK Group in 1931 in Zagreb, and worked together until 1939. During its activity, the Group built in total five public buildings for social use: the Chamber of Labour in Zagreb and the Public Labour Exchange buildings in Zagreb, Osijek, Slavonski Brod and Karlovac. The […]

The Residential Area of Cheremushky as an Example of the Implementation of Khrushchev’s Housing Reform in Ukraine

The article shows the aims and the specific features of Khrushchev’s housing reform, based on the history of design of the residential area of Cheryomushky (Odesa).  The reform introduced a number of significant changes in the system of mass housing construction, which brought about a major transformation of the construction industry. Also described here is […]

Czech Land-use Planning Trough the Eyes of Planners: A Continuing Erosion of Old Orders or the Birth of a New Doctrine?

The study assumes the goal of sketching what has developed in the environment of the Czech urban-planning profession since the end of the 1980s: from the fall of Communism through the era of political-economic transformation, and what form it has currently assumed. The state of self-awareness and the perception of shifts in professional values is […]

Urban Typology in the Habsburg Empire, 1867 – 1918, with a Special Emphasis on Hungarian Towns

The urban transformation in the territory of historic Hungary reached the (first) great culmination in the era of Austria-Hungary (1867 – 1918), thus representing a new direction for urban development. As a result, investigation and classification of urban taxonomy that focuses on the territory of historic Hungary as a whole between 1867 and 1918, makes […]

CLEARANCE: Changes in Eminent-Domain Legislation in Early 20th-Century Bratislava and Their Reflection in Planning the City

Clearance, as the “cleansing” of a building site from existing unwanted construction, ranks among the characteristic tools in the process of modern urban reconstruction, as well as one of the most visible and radical areas in which the law materialises in the area of architecture and urban planning. In the present study, we focus on […]