From Philanthropy to the Welfare State System

The conception of the “welfare state” on the most generalised level can be understood as the state-generated system of social institutions that implement policies for the protection and support of economic and social well-being respectively a definite living standard for the citizens. In the ideal model, the welfare state should be grounded in principles of […]

The Heritage of Postwar Modernism: Engaged Research

The current mono-thematic issue of Architektúra & urbanizmus edited by Henrieta Moravčíková, Peter Szalay and Rostislav Švácha, present soundings into the destruction and rejection of postwar modern architecture across a wide geographic span, from Belgium into Central Europe. The varied causes and narratives of the problematic acceptance of late 20th-century architectural heritage presented in the […]


Recently, architectural discussion in Slovakia has been stirred by the dramatic wave of demolition of industrial heritage from the previous century. One after the other, the entrance building to the Ružomberok paper works, the former grain mills in Nitra, and even the disused thread works and the Stein brewery in Bratislava have fallen to the […]

Export/Import of Modern Town
Planning Principles

Urban planning of the 20th century, especially in countries under authoritarian regimes, has left behind significant traces in the urban environment as well as in the countriesʼ landscapes. It was a turbulent period when the policies of often-shifting political orders could easily change from one day to the next, along with the preferred approaches of […]


The decade of the 1960s was an exceptionally favourable one for the Czechoslovak cultural and intellectual world. It was during this time that a great many noteworthy initiatives arose across all areas of social life – and the scholarly sphere was no exception. The era’s overall enthusiasm, the emergence of new research trajectories and the […]


With the present double issue, the journal Architektúra & urbanizmus celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of its existence. The studies presented here address selected questions of the general topic that we could call, with some simplification writing about architectural and urban design. Here, we mainly hope to recall the writing in our journal, and discuss what […]


This issue focuses on the problem of the interpretation and meta-interpretation of architecture. The prevailing approaches are metainterpretational, that is those, which do not interpret architectural works themselves but existing interpretations of architectural works. We have chosen various, mostly borderline interpretational positions. Two papers focus on the subject of meta-interpretation concerning non-professional or amateur interpretations, […]


The development of information technologies and the digitalisation of architectonic tools has radically changed both architectural practice and architectural research. Currently, it is difficult even to cite an area of human activity where computer technology lacks a significant role, and architectural design is hardly an exception. Computers shape all stages of architectural creation, from design […]

(Un)Planned City

(Un)Planned City Questions of planning and regulating urban construction have deeply shaped theoretical discussions and practice in city development as far back as the second half of the 19th century. The city plan, formulated in the sense of the principles of modern architecture and urban design, formed the basis for the construction of Europe’s metropolises. […]