source: Moravian Provincial Archive.

From Kraus to Orbis: The Two Window Designs of Armin Kraus between Vision and Practicality

In the late 1920s, the Bratislava company of the metalsmith Armin Kraus produced an intriguing window design. Unique for its folding opening mechanism and an unusual combination of wood and steel, it represents one of the most original examples of windows produced in inter-war Czechoslovakia. Although the window was well received by the avant-garde, it struggled as a commercial product, despite Kraus’ efforts to innovate the design or to partner with larger companies. This contrast between the reception from architects and the public highlights an issue typical of many Modernist technical innovations, which despite promises of comfort and affordability often suffered from unexpected issues.


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